Osteoporosis is caused by the loss of bone or the lack of bone. Bones are normally dense and rigid. Certain medications, health conditions, and genetic abnormalities can result in bone loss or not enough bone cells being created in the first place. Either way, bones that are affected by osteoporosis become brittle and can break easily. As a person ages, the body has a much harder time utilizing and keeping calcium at appropriate levels to maintain good bone health. The older a person gets, the more brittle their bones become. This dramatically increases the risk of fracture and breakage.
Although osteoporosis may not be completely preventable, a person can postpone the onset and prevent the condition from becoming severe. If osteoporosis is caused by medications, finding alternatives is the best way to halt the progression of the condition. Including more foods that are rich in calcium, magnesium, and Vitamin D is also beneficial and will help replenish the bone that is lost over time. Regular excise can help to strengthen bone and prevent calcium and other minerals from leaching out. There are also medications available that also help to prevent calcium and bone from being lost as a person ages.
It is well known that regular exercise strengthens muscles. Many people don't know that it also strengthens bone and helps them to maintain density. Stretching, swimming, and other exercises that use the body's own weight as resistance are extremely beneficial in fighting osteoporosis. While weight bearing exercises can stress the bones, toning exercise places just enough pressure on the bone that causes the bone to remain strong and rigid. The more often a person exercises, the stronger the bones will become. Exercise also improves circulation that helps to feed the bones the calcium and other nutrients they need to remain healthy.